Karate Dictionary

 

General Terms

  • Budo : Martial way

  • Do : Way/path

  • Dojo : Training area

  • Hombu-Dojo : Dojo headquarter

  • Karate : Empty hand

  • Sensei : Instructor

  • Sempai : Senior student

  • Bunkai : Application (of Karate)

  • Dan : Black belt rank

  • Kyu : White/Brown belt rank

  • KarateKa : Karate student

  • Gi : Uniform

  • Kata : Form

  • Ki : Mind, Spirit, Energy

  • Ki-ai : Focusing shout

  • Kihon : Basic technique

  • Kime : Focus of power

  • Makiwara : Punching board

  • Seiza : Sitting position

  • Shizen-tai : Natural position

  • Waza : Technique

  • Zanshin : Following through technique

Politeness

  • Osu : Greeting / Yes / No / Acknowledge Sensei

  • Hai : Yes

  • Ohayo Gozaimasu : Good morning

  • Oyasumi nasai : Good night

  • Onegai-shimasu : Please teach me

  • Domo Arigato Gozai-mashita : Thank you very much (past)

Numbers

  • Ichi (itch): One

  • Ni (nee): Two

  • San (sahn): Three

  • Shi (she): Four

  • Go (go): Five

  • Roku (rock): Six

  • Shichi (Sitch): Seven

  • Hachi (Hatch): Eight

  • Ku (koo): Nine

  • Ju (joo): Ten

Kumite (Sparring / Fighting)

  • Kamae : Sparring posture

  • Tai sabaki : Semi circle for Kumite / body position

  • Kihon kumite : Basic sparring

  • Gohan-kumite : Five step sparring

  • Sanbon kumite: Three step sparring

  • Ippon kumite : One step sparring

  • Jiyu ippon : Free one step sparring

  • Jiyu-kumite : Free sparring

Commands

  • Yoi : Ready

  • Rei : Bow

  • Hajime : Begin

  • Mae : Front

  • Migi : Right

  • Hidari : Left

  • Mawate-te : Turn around

  • Yame : Stop

Target Area

  • Jodan : Face area

  • Chudan : Chest area

  • Gedan : Lower body area

Stance (Dachi)

  • Fudo-dachi : Rooted stance

  • Hachiji-dachi : Open leg stance

  • Hangetsu-dachi : Half-moon stance

  • Heiko-dachi : Parallel stance

  • Kamae : Sparring posture

  • Kiba-dachi : Side stance (horse stance)

  • Kokutsu-dachi : Back stance

  • Kosa-dachi : Crossed legged stance

  • Neko-ashi-dachi : Cat stance

  • Sanchin-dachi : Hour-glass stance

  • Shizentai (: Natural position

  • Sochin-dachi : Diagonal straddle-leg stance

  • Teiji-dachi : T stance

  • Zenkutsu-dachi : Front stance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Punch (Zuki)

  • Age-zuki : Rising punch

  • Awase-zuki : U-punch

  • Choku-zuki : Straight punch

  • Chudan-zuki : Middle area punch

  • Gyaku-zuki : Reverse punch

  • Jodan-zuki : face level punch

  • Morote-zuki : Double “U” punch

  • Oi-zuki : Lunge punch

  • Tate-zuki : Vertical punch

  • Teisho-zuki : Palm-heel punch

  • Ura-zuki : Close punch

Strike (Uchi)

  • Empi-uchi : Elbow strike

  • Haishu-uchi : Back hand strike

  • Haito-uchi : Ridge-hand strike

  • Ippon-ken : One-knuckle fist

  • Nukite : Spear hand

  • Kentsui-uchi : Hammer fist strike

  • Shuto-uchi : Knife hand strike

  • Teisho-uchi : Palm hand strike

  • Uraken-uchi : Back fist strike

Block (Uke)

  • Age-uke : Upper block (Raising)

  • Shuto-uke : Knife-hand block

  • Uchi-uke : Inside center block

  • Gedan-barai : Down block

  • Soto-uke : Outside center block

  • Chudan-uke : Middle level block

  • Jodan-uke : Upper level block

  • Gedan-uke : Lower level block

  • Hiza-uke : Knee block

  • Juji-uke : X-block

  • Morote-uke : Augmented block

  • Nagashi-uken : Sweeping block

  • Sashite-uke : Rising hand block

  • Teishi-uke : Palm-heel block

Kick (Geri)

  • Ashi-Barai : Foot sweep

  • Fumikomi : Stamping kick

  • Keage : Snap kick

  • Kekomi : Thrust kick

  • Mae-geri : Front kick

  • Mae-geri-kaege : Front snap kick

  • Mae-geri-kakomi : Front thrust kick

  • Mae-tobi-geri : Jumping front kick

  • Mawashi-geri : Round kick

  • Ushiro-geri : Back kick

  • Yoko-geri-kaegi : Side snap kick

  • Yoko-geri-kekomi : Side thrust kick

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